3 những điều mà mọi nhà giao dịch tiền điện tử nên biết về các sàn giao dịch phái sinh

In the past two years futures contracts have become widely popular among cryptocurrency traders and this became more evident as the total open interest on derivatives more than doubled in three months.

Additional proof of their popularity came as futures turnover surpassed gold, which is a well-established market with $107 tỷ khối lượng hàng ngày.

Tuy nhiên, each exchange has its own orderbook, index calculation, leverage limits and rules for cross and isolated margin. These differences might seem superficial at first, but they can make a huge difference depending a tradersneeds.

Open interest

Aggregate futures open interest (màu xanh da trời) and daily volume (đen). Nguồn: Bybt

As shown in the above, the total aggregate futures open interest rose from $19 billion to the current $41 billion in three months. Trong khi đó, the daily traded volume has surpassed $120 tỷ, higher than gold’s $107 tỷ.

While Binance futures hold the larger share of this market, a number of competitors have relevant volumes and open interest, including FTX, Bybit, and OKEx. Some differences between exchanges are obvious, such as FTX charging perpetual contracts (hoán đổi nghịch đảo) every hour instead of the usual 8-hour window.

BTC and ETH futures open interest, đô la Mỹ. Nguồn: Bybt

Take notice of how CME holds the third position in Bitcoin (BTC) tương lai, despite offering exclusively monthly contracts. The traditional CME derivatives markets also stand out for requiring a 60% margin deposit, although brokers might provide leverage for specific clients.

Stablecoin versus token-margined contracts

As for the crypto exchanges, most will allow up to 100x leverage. Tether (USDT) orders are usually denominated in BTC terms. Trong khi đó, the inverse perpetual (token margined) order books are displayed in contracts, which might be worth $1 hoặc là $100 depending on the exchange.

BTC perpetual USDT futures order entry. Nguồn: Bybit

The above picture shows that Bybit USDT futures order entry requires a BTC-denominated quantity and the same procedure takes place at Binance. Mặt khác, OKEx and FTX offer users an easier option which allows the client to enter a USDT quantity, while automatically converting to BTC terms.

BTC perpetual USDT futures order entry. Nguồn: OKEx

In addition to USDT-based contracts, OKEx offers a USDK pair. Tương tự, Binance perpetual futures also offers a Binance USD (BUSD) sách. vì thế, for those unwilling to use Tether as collateral, there are other options available.

Variable funding rates

Some exchanges allow clients to use very high leverage and while this might not pose an overall risk as liquidation engines and insurance funds are in place for these situations, it will pressure the funding rate. Như vậy, longs are usually penalized on those exchanges.

ETH futures 8-hour funding rate. Nguồn: Bybt

The above chart shows that Bybit and Binance usually display a higher funding rate, while OKEx constantly presents the lowest. Traders need to understand that there are no rules enforcing this, and the rate may vary between assets or momentarily leverage demand.

Even a 0.05% difference equals 1% in additional costs per week, meaning, it is essential to compare the funding rate every once in a while, especially during bull markets when the fee tends to escalate quickly.

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Nguồn: Cointelegraph

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