第二层可以节省一天的时间 2021, 支持以太坊和DeFi

When the decentralized finance sector exploded in summer 2020, it was an eye-opening moment that showed crypto’s actual capabilities to revolutionize finance. 然而, the boom also exposed a lot of vulnerabilities of the Ethereum network, which most DeFi projects are built upon. The most serious ones included high gas costs and low scalability.

A bull cycle has kicked in since then, lifting Ether’s (ETH) value to a new all-time high — and now the above-mentioned problems are even more persistent. People are forced to pay as much as $60 至 $100 to complete a single trade on Uniswap, while numerous DeFi projects are struggling to facilitate their transactions on the Ethereum chain in time, failing their users as a result. An unending cycle of bullish news doesn’t help, as it unintentionally distracts the community from those problems. It has been two days, and your transaction is still pending? But look at the charts: Ether price has been exploding, and one of the institutional funds has announced it is buying X million Bitcoin (比特币)!

有关: Ethereum will become the main asset for investors in 2021

The long-awaited Ethereum 2.0 transition, which aims to address scalability and gas fees, has begun, but Phase 1.5, which merges the Ethereum 1.0 and Ethereum 2.0 区块链, won’t arrive for another 12 至 18 months at the earliest. Are we really ready to keep paying a few tens of dollars to send a single transaction?

有关: 以太坊 2.0 因素: 改变DeFi项目的运作方式

Luckily, the potential fix has already arrived. Layer-two solutions, which started to gain traction around crypto winter, serve to address both the issues at hand: They reduce gas fees and scale the Ethereum network by moving most transactions to sidechains. There are quite a few companies that have been working on such solutions, including Aztec, Offchain Labs, Matter Labs and others.

There are also projects like Polkadot, which uses a sharded multichain network that can process many transactions on smaller chains in parallel — which is why they are called “parachains” — instead of processing them one-by-one like legacy blockchains.

相似地, Polkadot’s DOT token has been experiencing an unprecedented rally on the back of the rising gas fees, beating XRP and moving up to become the fourth-largest cryptocurrency. 在其 2021 prediction, Maple Leaf Capital — a team of researchers focused on Web 3.0 speculation and building — anticipated that Polkadot could jumpstart infrastructure and application improvements.

As a result of the massive adoption of layer-two solutions, a lot of space will be created for the cryptocurrency industry — and we will heave a sigh of relief and get back to savoring the good news about cryptocurrency’s market capitalization, Bitcoin’s value and institutional adoption.

本文不包含投资建议或建议. 每笔投资和交易动作都涉及风险, 读者在做出决定时应该进行自己的研究.

观点, 本文表达的思想和观点仅代表作者个人,不一定反映或代表Cointelegraph的观点和观点。.

Chandler Song is the co-founder and CEO of Ankr Network, a Web 3.0 infrastructure company based in San Francisco, and a Forbes “30 Under 30” laureate. He previously worked as an engineer at Amazon Web Services.

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资源: 声电图

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